Minerals and Vitamins general overview.
Minerals provide the life-force for human survival. It’s essential for the proper composition of body fluids, healthy nerve function and proper operation of the cardiovascular system, among others. Like vitamins, minerals function as coenzymes and act as catalysts for many biological reactions within the body, including muscle response, the transmission of messages through the nervous system, the production of hormones, digestion and the utilisation of nutrients in foods. Because all enzyme activities involve minerals, they are essential for the proper utilisation of vitamins and other nutrients.
The human body can produce certain vitamins but cannot produce minerals. Furthermore, minerals control the body’s ability to absorb and use vitamins.
Even though the body contains more than 80 different minerals, 22 are considered essential. Nutritionally, these minerals are grouped into two categories: bulk - and essential minerals, also called macro – and micro (or trace) minerals.
Macro-minerals such as calcium and magnesium are needed by the body in large quantities because of their naturally depleting utilisation in the day-to-day bodily functions.
Micro-minerals such as iron, zinc, copper and selenium are needed only in minute quantities as these trace minerals are used for specific bodily systems and are toxic in high doses, but are nevertheless important for optimal health.
Minerals in their correct proportions provide vital assistance in the functioning of every system of the body, on the macro-nutrient level – protein, fat and carbohydrate synthesis, to the micro-nutrient spectrum – enzyme production and vitamin utilization. The calcium and magnesium in Marnite are in the approximate correct ratio of - 2:1. The naturally occurring calcium oxide and magnesium oxide, found exclusively in this ratio (2:1) in Marnite, provides the most bio-available form of essential mineral support for skeletal deficiencies.
The degree to which the amount of an ingested nutrient is absorbed and available to the body is called bioavailability. Mineral bioavailability varies according to the form of the mineral and can be classified into three kinds: Metallic minerals are found in their pure elemental form or as salts such as sodium chloride and zinc sulphate. They are the most commonly used form in nutritional supplements, especially for the essential minerals, because larger amounts are indicated. They are generally the least expensive form of minerals but their primary disadvantage is that their degree of absorption is the least of all three forms.
Chelated minerals are the next step up the ladder in so far as the body’s ability to assimilate. Examples of chelated minerals are the magnesium aspartate (magnesium chelated with the natural aspartic acid). In many cases, chelated minerals are about 40% more efficient in regards to absorption and assimilation into the body than metallic minerals.
Colloidal minerals are those that occur in nature in the colloid state. That is, they are minute particles that either are or can be easily dispersed in a medium such as water. This results in increased solubility, bioavailability, absorption and usefulness to the body. The unique natural multi-mineral – MARNITE® – possesses all the advantages of chelated – and metallic minerals and much more.
MARNITE® a Natural product – Proven Bio-Availability.
The product MARNITE® have been subjected to rigorously and comprehensive testing as defined in the respective Pharmacopeia to prove the in vitro bio-accessibility of the major components Calcium and Marnite. The main elements proven bio-accessibility, Calcium and Magnesium, had been proven to be 100% bio-accessible within two hours.
The product Marnite TM was subjected to an in vivo study to establish the pharmacokinetics of Calcium and Magnesium after oral administration of MARNITE® Multi-Mineral to prove the bioavailability of the product. The results indicated that, under the conditions of the study, homeostasis of the major elements Ca and Mg was not disturbed. The pharmacokinetics of MARNITE® Multi-Mineral indicated that the blood levels of the major elements Ca and Mg were within the published reference ranges.
The two studies in vitro bio-accessibility and in vivo bio-availability was subjected to an assessment followed the general steps of hazard identification, dose-response assessment (toxicological assessment), exposure assessment and quantification of health risks, in accordance with the original paradigm for regulatory human health risk assessment that was developed in the USA by the US National Research Council. It was found that the orally administration of MARNITE® Multi-Mineral, potentially resulting in systemic toxicity or a health risk, is unlikely.
Calcium (Ca) is a metallic element, fifth in abundance in the earth’s crust. It is an essential constituent of leaves in bones, teeth, and shells. Never found in nature uncombined, it occurs abundantly as limestone, gypsum, and fluorite. Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the human body and is essential for living organisms, particular in cell physiology. More than 99% of total body calcium is stored in the bones and teeth where it functions to support their structure. Calcium an essential mineral plays an extremely important role in the general metabolism of the human body. Movement of the calcium ion Ca2+ into and out of the cytoplasm functions as a signal for many cellular processes such as a neurotransmitter release and the electrical conduction system of the heart. Furthermore it is essential for optimal muscles and nerve function. Calcium is excreted through the kidneys and the gastrointestinal track.
Magnesium (Mg) is the eighth most abundant element in the earth’s crust. It does not occur uncombined, but is found in large deposits in the form of magnesite, dolomite, and other minerals as s metamorphic rock and is a source of magnesium. Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body and is essential to good health. Approximately 50% of total body magnesium is found in bone. The other half is found predominantly inside cells of body tissues and organs. Magnesium is needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps maintain normal muscle and nerve function, keeps heart rhythm steady, supports a healthy immune system, and keeps bones strong. Magnesium also helps regulate blood sugar levels, promotes normal blood pressure, and is known to be involved in energy metabolism and protein synthesis. Magnesium is absorbed in the small intestines. Magnesium is excreted through the kidneys.
MARNITE® a source of Macro-Minerals.
Minerals provide the life-force for human survival. Even though the body contains more than 80 different minerals, 22 are considered essential. Nutritionally, these minerals are grouped into two categories: bulk – and essential minerals, also called macro – and micro (or trace) minerals.
Macro-Minerals such as Calcium and Magnesium are needed by the body in large quantities because of their naturally depleting utilisation in the day-to-day bodily functions.
Micro-Minerals such as iron, zinc, copper and selenium are needed only in minute quantities as these trace minerals are used for specific bodily systems and are toxic in high doses, but are nevertheless important for optimal health.
Minerals in their correct proportions provide vital assistance in the functioning of every system of the body, on the macro-nutrient level – protein, fat and carbohydrate synthesis, to the micro-nutrient spectrum – enzyme production and vitamin utilization.
The naturally occurring calcium oxide and magnesium oxide, found in the ratio 2:1 in MARNITE® , provides to be in a most bio-available form of essential mineral support for skeletal deficiencies and are essential for the proper composition of body fluids, healthy nerve function and proper operation of the cardiovascular system, among others.
MARNITE® a source for HUMAN minerals.
The processing and refinement of food for human consumption are some of the reasons for the lack of the required vitamins and minerals which lead to diet deficiencies in humans, resulting in the need for mineral supplementation. These primary reasons causes for mineral deficiency in the human diet today are discussed in more detail below:
The mineral levels in natural foods are declining, partly because soil gradually loses its mineral content through over-farming. Other reasons are mono-cropping and widespread deforestation (which leaves the soil open to erosion). Some minerals are added back through fertilisation, but as mentioned before, can result in further imbalances in the soil.
Essential minerals are refined out of food. The greatest destruction of the quality and nutritional value of our food is because of food processing. What remain are lifeless empty calories devoid of enzyme activity, vitamins and minerals. Refining food to make white rice, white flour and white sugar removes up to 90% of the trace minerals. Figure 4 shows the amount of minerals lost during the process of refining flour.
Mineral needs of humans are increasing. Due to the fact that toxic elements accumulate in our body and the fact that most people choose to eat foods such as refined bread, pasta and cereal, more minerals are needed in order to need the recommend daily allowance (RDA) for minerals in the body.
Maize is of fundamental importance in Africa as a staple food. It accounts for 31% of the expenditure of low-income households in Eastern – and Southern Africa, hence when prices of this commodity are high, the poor are most affected. Marnite can be used in any food enhancement due to the fact that it does not change its mineral status in heat under 900ºC. It can therefore also be mixed with soya, flour, sunflower oil, polenta and salt.
Important to note is the comparison between the calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) content of the maize before and after fortification.
Marnite can further be used in either powder or capsule form for supplementation in human consumption. The proposed dosage is 1000mg per day for adults and 1000mg twice per day for HIV/AIDS persons on ARV’s.
Marnite used as multi-mineral supplement have the following benefits to the human body:
- Restore the micro-nutrient balance in the body
- Help to absorb the nutritional value from food
- Help with the absorption of vitamins
- Boost the immune system to fight disease
- Replace and fight the mineral depletion due to HIV/AIDS and the use of ARV’s
- Help to fight malnutrition even if the quantity of food is limited
- Strengthen bones, improve the nerve systems and result in proper operation of the cardiovascular system
- Balance the pH of liquids in the human body
- Act as neurotransmitters in the brain
Mother Nature has provided a solution to the problems addressed of mg and ca macro nutritional deficiencies. The natural multi-mineral MARNITE® that has been developed that can be used to restore the balance of minerals in the Human metabolic system. When this is done, the problem of poor quality and availability of food will sort itself out over a period of time. The problem needs to be addressed with natural products and not chemical replacements. There is no culture or religion and science research that has not concluded and/or reached consensus that the remedial solution should come from nature itself.